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Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR)

What is EDRR?
For the purposes of the Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth (IPAMS), EDRR is a planned sequence of actions as a result of an early detection of an invasive plant species. This sequence of actions is an attempt to eradicate new invasive plant species while eradication costs still remain minimal. Thus, EDRR is a system since it provides a systematic approach to eradication or control of invasive plant species.

Why is EDRR important?
Each year millions of dollars are spent on invasive plant species control in the United States. Many of these species are well established with little possibility of eradication within the United States. By eradicating a potentially invasive plant early, thousands, if not millions, of dollars could be saved in future control and eradication efforts. Even without control and eradication efforts, there are costs associated with invasive plant species through habitat loss, losses from tourism, etc.

How does EDRR work?
EDRR depends upon you. One person or agency can't do it alone. It takes many people working together by first reporting new species (Early Detection) followed by dedicated, trained personnel who can act upon eradication (Rapid Response). Only through teamwork, can an EDRR system work. Get involved today.

The EDRR system starts to work when a plant species is reported in IPAMS. A botanist will then verify the identity of the species reported. If the species is deemed threatening, it will be reported to the proper authorities to take action. The federal regulatory agency is USDA-APHIS, which often works closely with state department's of agriculture in each state. Based upon the information provided at reporting, IPAMS personnel will contact the appropriate regulatory personnel. IPAMS personnel collaborate with federal and state agencies, as well as organizations like the Mississippi CWMA to facilitate proper reporting of invasive species, particularly those regulated as noxious weeds.

How do I report an invasive plant species?
Reporting is easy. Reporting an invasive plant species can easily be done in two ways:
  • If you just happen to come by an invasive plant and want to report it, then you can come to IPAMS and report the sighting. This information will be used to alert us of a sighting and activate our early detection network.
  • However, if you want to volunteer to help report invasive plants, you can sign up for an account and actually enter your surveys into the system.

Important Links:
U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS)

National Agricultural Pest Information System (NAPIS)

United States Geological Survey (USGS) Invasive Species Program

Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC)

North American Weed Management Association (NAWMA)

Mississippi Cooperative Weed Management Area (MS-CWMA)

Geosystems Research Institute
Contact: John D. Madsen, Ph.D.  •  WebMaster